The older maps:

  • Followed the federal Apportionment Act of 1911 requiring that congressional districts be
    “… contiguous and compact territory …” with an
    “… equal number of inhabitants.”
  • Resisted engaging in overt partisan gerrymandering.
  • Included adjustments to favor or disfavor individual legislators.

Since 1968:

  • The Pennsylvania constitution requires an additional rule:
    “ … [u]nless absolutely necessary no [political boundary] shall be divided … in forming either a senatorial or representative district.”
  • Explicit state constitutional rules apply only to state senate and representative districts.
  • However, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court later ruled that constitutional requirements must apply to Congressional redistricting to ensure free and equal elections.

More recently:

  • Amanda Holt, a voter and self-taught mapper, challenged the 2011 state representative map, leading to an improved 2012 state legislative map.
  • The League of Women Voters of PA challenged the 2011 congressional map in a 2018 lawsuit, resulting in the Pennsylvania Supreme Court’s invalidation of the map and installation of the 2018 remedial map.

Help Fund CCFD's Fight To End Gerrymandering In Pennsylvania

Please give what you can - every dollar helps and no donation is too small.  Your support and contributions will directly fund our ongoing work to end gerrymandering.

CCFD is a Pennsylvania 501(c)(3) Non-Profit Association under 15 Pa.C.S.A. Section 9111. All donations are tax-deductible.

Write a check made payable to Concerned Citizens for Democracy and mail it to CCFD, 168 Idris Road, Merion Station, PA 19066-1611.

Thank you for supporting our work! Thank you for supporting democracy!

    INTERESTED IN HELPING OUT?  If you have the following interests and skills, you can help us make a difference:

    • With mapping or GIS skills, you can be a part of the Tech/Science Team and help analyze or challenge maps using the CCFD methodology.

    • With legal or paralegal skills, you can be a part of the Legal Team and help craft amicus briefs explaining the methodology to litigants and courts.

    • With writing, fundraising, or communications skills, you can be a part of the Media / Communications / Fundraising Teams.

    If you have questions or want more information about volunteer opportunities, please

     Contact Us